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openSUSE:Zu Factory beitragen
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Hier ist die Originalseite zu finden: en:openSUSE:How_to_contribute_to_Factory.
Anmerkungen des Übersetzers: Aus eigenem Interesse übersetzen.
Zeitstempel und Signatur des Autors/Übersetzer:--Tapwag (Diskussion) 15:37, 04. July 2017 (UTC)
- 1 How to submit a fix to a package
- 2 How to add a new package to Factory
- 3 How to request a new devel project
- 4 How to become a maintainer of a package in Factory
- 5 How to merge a fix for a package in a devel project
- 6 How to submit a package to openSUSE:Factory
- 7 Mass submissions
- 8 How to submit a package to a released product
- 9 How to drop a package
- 10 How to restore a dropped package
How to submit a fix to a package
The easiest and most convenient way to contribute to Factory is to just submit fixes. If you know why a package does not build or does not work correctly, why not send a fix? If the version of a package is outdated, why not update it? To make this possible for everybody, the openSUSE developers leverage the collaboration features of the Open Build Service for Factory contributions. This means that everyone can branch packages from openSUSE:Factory, do modifications and submit them back; it is as easy as checkers. First, you need to checkout the package with osc.
As you can see, the server created a copy of the package from the correct devel project and placed the result into your home project. Check it out to your local machine to do any changes.
Alternatively, you can use `osc bco` to chain the branch+checkout actions into one command.
Remember to add an entry to the changelog so that it is easy for others to know about your changes.
After you have changed what you wanted to fix and the package builds and works correctly, you can check in your changes to your branch.
Then submit them to the developer of the package for review.
The developer of the package will then get notified about your submission and will review it. We call this BURPing.
- the Package
How to add a new package to Factory
If you have never created a package before, you may want to visit this tutorial before you begin submitting packages to OBS.
First and foremost, your package needs to reside in a devel project, which will act as a feeder project to openSUSE:Factory for your package. The home: namespace is not permitted to act as a develprj. Look which devel projects with similar packages to yours are maintained, and when you have found a good project, try to contact its maintainers and tell them that you want to maintain a package there. The easiest way is to simply send your package to the devel project.
A list of the current devel projects can be found in the drop-down menu on top of this page. Find a public list of all projects here. If you cannot find a corresponding topic, you need to use our catchall project devel:openSUSE:Factory. If you have a completely new collection of packages that could form their own devel project, see #How to request a new devel project.
After you have found a devel project, you can send your package to openSUSE:Factory. The submit request (SR) must contain a note with information about the package. Preferably, you introduce the package to the opensuse-factory list and point to that introduction in your submitrequest. A good introduction contains information on the state of the upstream project and how maintainable it is and what the purpose of having it in the distribution will be.
How to request a new devel project
Scenario: There is a piece of software that is not in Factory, it is not maintained anywhere in the openSUSE Build Service (except possibly in the home: space), and you want to get it into Factory/Tumbleweed.
First, you need an OBS project somewhere outside of the
home: namespace. In most cases, one of the existing devel projects will be appropriate for your new package. Just submit an SR to the appropriate devel project.
If you need a new devel project, one way to get one is to contact the maintainers of an existing top-level project and ask them to create a subproject for you. If none of the existing namespaces are a good fit, ask the OBS maintainers to create a new project space by opening a bug or writing to email@example.com.
If the project your package ends up in is an existing devel project, you can now submit the package to Factory.
However, if you had to make a new project for your package, there is more work to do. Each package in Factory/Tumbleweed has a "devel package" associated with it. These are the projects in the drop-down menu on top of the openSUSE:Factory project page. The location of the devel package (i.e. the project where it lives) determines what the devel project for that package is. In our case, both the package and the project are new: Factory doesn't know about them. When you submit from an project that is not in the list, the submission will be auto-declined.
This appears to be a Catch-22 situation. There is a way out, however, by whitelisting the new project/package combination in the osc plugin that vets Factory submissions. To do this and edit the check_source.whitelist file in the osc-plugin-factory project on GitHub by submitting a pull request. Once it is merged, you can submit the package.
If a package is already in Factory and is merely being moved to a new location, and that new location is not a Factory devel project yet, it can be made into one by issuing a changedevelreq for that package to the new location (after moving the package). If that new location was not yet a devel repo, upon accepting the chgdev, it will become a devel repo and all future submissions from this repo, including all other packages there, will be accepted.
How to become a maintainer of a package in Factory
Just talk to the current developer if you want to help or take over responsibility and be aware of the duties and rights of a Factory maintainer
You determine the current maintainer by accessing build.opensuse.org or with this command:
To get an email-address for contact, use
Apart from just writing to the current maintainer, there are two more options:
- osc requestmaintainership openSUSE:Factory aaa_base
- go to build.opensuse.org, login, then search for the package you're interested in, then "Request role addition".
How to merge a fix for a package in a devel project
The Open Build Service will notify you about new requests via email. You also can also query it for all the new request.
Merging the changes is as simple as accepting the request. Its a good idea to examine the changes first.
And if you like what you see you accept it
How to submit a package to openSUSE:Factory
Once you are satisfied with the state of your package in your devel project, simply submit it to openSUSE:Factory.
If you submit a lot of related packages in a short period, be prepared to equally receive declines. Time has shown that, if there is a problematic change in one package, there is a fair chance the same issue is present in other packages of the mass submit. We would therefore recommend that, if you plan on doing a mass submission, that you split it up into batches, and that the first batch has only on the order of 5–10 packages. Subsequent batches of a mass submit can increase in size linearly.
How to submit a package to a released product
If you want to fix a package in a released distribution, like openSUSE 11.4, you have to do some additional steps. They are described in the package maintenance guidelines.
How to drop a package
Let's assume that we want to drop the oldstuff package from Factory, and that its devel project is devel:openSUSE:Factory. You should first check that no other packages depend on oldstuff in Factory.
If some packages depend on it, you have several options:
- give up and accept to keep oldstuff
- drop those packages first
- change those packages to not depend on oldstuff
Once you have found a solution, just file a drop request for oldstuff in openSUSE:Factory, explaining why you want to drop the package.
When a package is removed from Factory, it is not automatically removed from the devel project. The reason is that the package could still be used outside of Factory, in the devel project for some other reasons. So, depending on your needs, you might want to remove the package from the devel project too.
How to restore a dropped package